A look back at the events that changed Egypt’s political landscape since the popular uprising that ousted autocrat Hosni Mubarak.
EGYPT AND TUNIS, TUNISIA (REUTERS) – A popular uprising in Egypt in 2011 changed the country’s political history, resulting in the end of long-time ruler Hosni Mubarak’s 30-year rule.
Five years after the mass protests, Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, a general-turned President is at the country’s helm.
It’s a familiar script in Egypt, which has been ruled mostly by military strongmen since army officers overthrew King Farouk in 1952, say some observers: ex-generals promise freedom and prosperity but end up governing with an iron fist and concluding they are untouchable.
The first democratic elections held after the revolt saw the Muslim Brotherhood, Egypt’s oldest Islamist movement, emerge from the shadows to dominate both parliament and presidency.
Sisi, then Egypt’s military chief, removed President Mohamed Mursi from power in 2013 and banned the Brotherhood after a turbulent period in which protests against the group grew.
In the weeks that followed, hundreds of Mursi’s supporters were killed in the streets and thousands were locked up in the bloodiest crackdown in Egypt’s modern history.
Liberal and leftist activists, some of whom had supported Sisi’s move to depose the Brotherhood, soon found themselves on the wrong side of the new authorities, which now flag protests against Mursi that began on June 30 as the real revolution.
New laws were passed, curbing protests and expanding the jurisdiction of military courts. Sisi went on to win a presidential poll with almost 98 percent of the vote.
There are no official celebrations to mark the uprising against Mubarak and security forces have launched a campaign to discourage protests and detain people from administrators of Facebook pages to student activists.