Italian President Sergio Mattarella launches talks with political leaders following a government collapse caused by the resignation of Prime Minister Matteo Renzi.
ROME, ITALY (DECEMBER 8, 2016) (REUTERS) – Italy’s president began talks with political leaders on Thursday (December 8) to seek a way out of the political crisis caused by the resignation of Prime Minister Matteo Renzi.
Sergio Mattarella, a 75-year-old former politician and constitutional court judge, must decide if someone can lead Italy to elections scheduled for 2018, or whether an interim government should serve until a snap vote can be held in spring.
Mattarella, a former Christian Democrat with a less interventionist style than his predecessor Giorgio Napolitano, began talks with institutional leaders at 6 p.m. (1700 GMT) at the his Quirinal Palace.
The first to meet with Mattarella were the speaker of the upper house, Italy’s Senate, Pietro Grasso, and the speaker of the lower house of parliament, Laura Boldrini.
Grasso is viewed as one of the possible candidates for prime minister, along with Economy Minister Pier Paolo Padoan, Transport Minister Graziano Delrio and Culture Minister Dario Franceschini.
Mattarella also held talks with former Italian president Giorgio Napolitano.
Meetings will expand to parliamentary parties on Friday (December 9) and wrap up on Saturday (December 10) evening.
The process is a familiar one in Italy, which has a notorious history of government collapses, but it is the first since the Sicilian Mattarella took office last year after a career in politics which began after the mafia assassinated his politician brother in 1980.
Mattarella could wait until Monday (December 12) to make his decision known, a source close to the president said. Renzi has ruled out — for the moment — staying on as a caretaker, a parliamentary source said.
Most parties, including Renzi’s Democratic Party (PD) which holds the most seats in parliament, appear to favour an early vote, which would add Italy to a list of major European countries — including France, Germany and the Netherlands — facing a national ballot in 2017.
So far markets have taken Italy’s situation in stride. Even Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena, which looks likely to require government intervention to survive, saw its shares rise more than 6 percent on Thursday after it asked the European Central Bank for a three-week extension to its rescue plan.
On Tuesday (December 6), Mattarella unexpectedly dictated two conditions that delay any vote until spring: the Constitutional Court must rule on the lower house’s current voting law, a decision not expected before a Jan. 24.
Subsequently parliament must draft new election rules for both houses, Mattarella said. Considering 45 days for campaigning are set aside by law, it would be difficult to hold an election before April.
The consultations will allow Mattarella to test parliamentary waters, but Renzi’s majority – and his input as leader of the PD – are key to what happens next.
On Wednesday (December 7), Renzi said the PD would only participate in a government intended to last until 2018 if it was backed by all the main forces in parliament, a prospect most of them have already ruled out. Otherwise, early elections should be held as soon as possible, he said.
Mattarella is widely expected to ask a member of Renzi’s cabinet, or a politician from his Democratic Party, to try to form a new government. But he might also seek parliamentary backing for a leader of his own choosing.