In a speech to mark Unesco’s campaign for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and its Abolition, UN secretary-general António Guterres told the United Nations general assembly earlier this year that the inequalities created by 400 years of the transatlantic chattel trade persist to this day. “We can draw a straight line from the centuries of colonial exploitation to the social and economic inequalities of today,” he said.
The British monarchy has a long and complicated history with slavery. The first known English slave trader was John Hawkins, who sailed to Africa in 1562 and captured 300 enslaved Africans. Hawkins’s voyages were supported by Queen Elizabeth I, and they helped to establish the English slave trade. Continue reading